When your reading the U.S. Constitution every word including the small words “Of”, “A” and “To” have precise meanings. The U.S. Constitution took 10 years to write and each amendment to the U.S. Constitution at least in the 1800’s was written in the same manner with precise meanings to each and every word. Lawyers were all “Wordsmiths” opposed to todays junk legal professionals in congress that are writing our laws.
Down below I copied the meanings of the two words being used to either give or deny birthright citizenship in the 14th amendment. The word, “Subject TO” was used to deny birthright citizenship. If the word, “Of” had been used instead of the word, “To” then the 14th amendment would have allowed birthright citizenship.
The various meanings of the word, “To” show that the word is mostly refers to a person being “Connected To” the jurisdiction refered to in the 14th amendment. The meanings of the word, “Of” mostly refers to a person being connected to something other than the jurisdiction or away from.
The word, “Subject” is meant to mean your a person that has to obey the laws of the place you are in. Then they added to word, “To” that clarified the meaning of the sentence to mean “Connected”.
You are “Subject To The Jurisdiction” because you have nowhere else to go under foreign law or have an “Allegiance” to the jurisdiction. Before any foreigner is granted legal citizenship they must take the oath of allegiance to the U.S. which makes them “Subject To” or “Connected To”.
(This Word Not Used) You are “Subject Of The Jurisdiction” because you are in it but are connected to something else other than the place you are in. You have no allegiance “To” and are “Not Connected” but you are a “Subject Of The Laws” in the jurisdiction you are in.
14th Amendment, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution
Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.